Introduction To Crypto Tax In Australia

Introduction To Crypto Tax In Australia
A beginner's guide to understanding crypto tax in Australia. Learn about legal status, ATO's tracking, investor vs. trader taxation, CGT, income tax, and tax breaks.

Cryptocurrency’s popularity in Australia has surged, with over a million Australians embracing digital assets. But as crypto investments grow, so does the need to navigate the complexities of crypto taxation. 

The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) treats cryptocurrency as a property subjected to Capital Gains Tax (CGT) and Income Tax. CGT applies when you sell, trade, gift, or use crypto for purchases. Income Tax comes into play when you earn cryptocurrency as a salary/payment for work you have done, mining, staking, or other means.

Understanding the nuances of crypto tax Australia is crucial for individuals and businesses dealing in crypto. Join us on this informative journey as we explore the tax implications of crypto transactions and clarify the ATO’s regulations, ensuring you’re well-prepared for your crypto tax responsibilities.

Legal Status And ATO's Tracking

In Australia,  cryptocurrencies are legal and taxed as property. If you are dealing with crypto, you should know that the ATO has formidable capabilities in tracking crypto transactions through designated service providers (DSPs). 

Since 2014, the ATO has been collecting data on cryptocurrency transactions, and it possesses know-your-customer (KYC) information from when users sign up for Australian exchanges or wallets. The ATO likely maintains your data if you’ve used an Australian DSP.

The ATO’s data matching program, initiated in 2019, allows them to access information from DSPs like Binance and CoinJar, providing insights into your cryptocurrency capital gains and income. They can access a wealth of personal information, including your name, address, ABN, date of birth, and contact details. 

Moreover, they can delve into transaction and account specifics, such as account statuses, linked bank accounts, wallet associations, and the types and amounts of cryptocurrency you hold.

Since 2020, the ATO has sent notices to hundreds of thousands of Australian crypto investors, stressing the importance of declaring crypto holdings to avoid tax evasion penalties. So, beginners must remember that crypto transactions are on the ATO’s radar, and compliance is critical to stay on the right side of the law.

Crypto Tax In Australia

In Australia, crypto taxation revolves around treating cryptocurrencies as assets or property for Capital Gains Tax (CGT) purposes. Crypto transactions, such as disposals, exchanges, or swaps, are all considered CGT events. Even exchanging one crypto for another, like trading Bitcoin for Ethereum, falls under the CGT umbrella. The tax treatment of cryptocurrency transactions can vary depending on the specific conditions. Cryptocurrency may be viewed as additional income and taxed as income tax as well.

Any profit you make when selling crypto is considered a capital gain and is subject to taxation. The tax rate for capital gains is the same as your income tax rate explained in the article below. However, it’s crucial to understand that calculating your tax can vary depending on your circumstances and the nature of your transactions. Additionally, your classification as a trader or investor also plays an important role.

Investor VS. Trader Taxation

Crypto taxation in Australia varies depending on whether you’re classified as an investor or a trader. This distinction is crucial as it dictates how the ATO taxes your crypto activities.

Investors typically buy cryptocurrencies with a long-term perspective, aiming to grow their wealth steadily over time. Eventually, they are subject to capital gains tax when they dispose of their crypto assets. As an investor, if you hold your cryptocurrencies for over 12 months, you can gain a 50% capital gains tax discount.

On the other hand, traders are actively involved in crypto activities to generate income. If you run a crypto trading or mining business, engage in frequent buying and selling for short-term gains, or manage a crypto exchange, the ATO may categorise you as a trader. Traders are subject to income tax rules and don’t qualify for the 50% capital gains tax discount. However, they can deduct relevant transaction costs and fees as expenses. 

It’s important to note that the line between an investor and a trader can sometimes blur. However, understanding the distinction between investors and traders is vital in navigating the intricacies of crypto tax Australia. If you need more clarification about your classification, it’s wise to seek guidance from a tax professional to ensure compliance with ATO regulations. 

Income Tax On Crypto

Crypto tax in Australia can be a complex landscape, especially regarding income tax. Sometimes, crypto is treated as income, not subject to capital gains tax. This means that you could be liable for income tax on your crypto earnings even as an individual investor.

Understanding when and how your crypto holdings might be treated as income is crucial, making you liable for income tax. Here are some key points:

  • Receiving your salary in cryptocurrency.
  • Selling NFTs that you’ve created, such as digital artwork.
  • Becoming a validator and earning through Proof of Stake (PoS) or Proof of Work (PoW).
  • Staking or lending cryptocurrency to earn interest.

Capital Gains Tax On Crypto

CGT applies when you dispose of your cryptocurrency, which extends beyond traditional selling. Disposal includes scenarios such as trading crypto for fiat currency, swapping one cryptocurrency for another, spending it on goods and services, or even gifting it. 

Capital gains and losses in crypto transactions come into play here. A capital gain occurs when you sell or dispose of your crypto for more than you initially paid. Conversely, a capital loss happens when you sell for less than your purchase price. 

The good news for long-term investors is the CGT discount. If you hold your cryptocurrency for at least one year before disposing of it, you’ll qualify for a 50% discount on any capital gain. This incentive will encourage you to consider your crypto investments strategically, as it can significantly affect your tax liabilities in Crypto Tax Australia.

Calculating Crypto Capital Gains

Whether you’re dealing with regular assets or cryptocurrencies, calculating capital gains follows a similar process. If your sale proceeds exceeds the initial acquisition cost, you have made a capital gain and are liable to pay Capital Gains Tax. 

Crypto Capital Losses

If your sale proceeds are less then the initial acquisition cost, you incur a loss. Capital losses can offset gains from crypto, shares, or property investments. These losses can be carried forward to future years with no time limit, but they must be used at the earliest opportunity and can’t be deducted from other income.

How To Calculate Tax On Crypto In Australia?

Here’s how you can calculate taxes on cryptocurrency in Australia. 

Income Tax

Taxable income = FMV(fair market value) 

(The earning could be through – salary, mining, interest etc.)

Capital Gain tax

Capital Gain/ (Capital Loss)= Capital Proceed (sale value or any form of receipt) – Cost Basis (costs incurred to acquire, hold & dispose of the asset)

ATO Individual Income Tax Rates 2022–2023:

Table HeaderTable Header
Income Tax Rates
$0 - $18,2000%
$18,201 - $45,000Nil + 19% on the amount over $18,200
$45,001 - $120,000 $5,092 + 32.5% on the amount over $45,000
$180,001 and above $51,667 + 45% on the amount over $180,000

Tax Breaks and Exemptions

Crypto tax Australia provides valuable tax breaks and exemptions for individuals engaging in cryptocurrency activities. These incentives are designed to make the tax burden more manageable for crypto enthusiasts.

Tax-Free Threshold

Australian tax residents enjoy a tax-free threshold, which means they only start paying Income Tax when their annual income exceeds $18,200. This threshold applies to income from various sources, including cryptocurrencies.

50% Long-Term Capital Gain Discount

If you hold your cryptocurrency for over a year before selling or trading it, you could be eligible for a 50% Capital Gains Tax (CGT) discount. This discount can significantly reduce your tax liability on long-term crypto investments.

TaxFree Crypto Events

It’s not all daunting news for crypto enthusiasts. There are specific scenarios where you won’t have to worry about tax implications. It’s crucial, however, to navigate these waters carefully. Here, we’ll highlight the key aspects of tax-free crypto events.

  • Buying crypto with AUD.
  • Holding crypto.
  • Acquiring crypto as a gift.
  • Acquiring crypto from hobby-level crypto mining.
  • Transferring crypto between your wallets (watch out for transfer fees).
  • Purchasing goods and services with crypto, especially if it’s considered a personal use asset.
  • Donating crypto to registered charities with Deductible Gift Recipient (DGR) status.

It’s essential to note that while some provisions are straightforward, such as buying and holding crypto, others can be more complex. For instance, activities involving DeFi transactions or transitioning from an ‘investor’ to a ‘trader’ can introduce grey areas. Beginners should approach these situations cautiously, seeking professional advice, if necessary, to ensure compliance with Australia’s crypto tax regulations.


Crypto tax in Australia can be a complex and perplexing topic for beginners. Australia’s tax authorities treat cryptocurrencies as property, meaning every trade, sale, or purchase can have tax consequences. Capital gains tax (CGT) applies when you dispose of your cryptocurrency, and it’s essential to keep track of your transactions and report them accurately.

Navigating the intricacies of crypto tax in Australia can be challenging, but staying informed is essential. Hence, platforms such as KoinX offer an automated tax computing platform to calculate your taxes within seconds to assist in this journey. This user-friendly solution streamlines the tax process, helping users make informed choices. As a reminder, the deadline for filing your crypto tax is approaching. Utilise KoinX to simplify the process and ensure you file your tax accurately.