How Are NFTs Taxed In India?

This blog dives deep into the waters of NFT taxes in India, explaining everything from NFT taxes to how to calculate them.

The world of NFTs is exploding, and India’s no exception! From bore apes to mystical artefacts, these unique digital assets are grabbing headlines and tempting investors. 

But before you dive headfirst, there’s a crucial question: what about taxes? Fear not, crypto enthusiast! This blog is your one-stop guide to navigating the sometimes murky waters of NFT taxation in India. 

We’ll break down the rules, decode confusing terms, and answer all your burning questions about NFTs and their taxation in India. So, buckle up and get ready to discover the tax implications of owning a piece of the digital revolution! Remember, knowledge is power; knowing your tax obligations can save you a significant headache. 

Let’s unlock the secrets of NFT taxation in India together!

What Are NFTs?

Imagine owning a unique digital masterpiece, a one-of-a-kind trading card, or even a virtual property deed. That’s the world of NFTs or Non-Fungible Tokens. Think of them as certificates of ownership stored on a unique digital record called a blockchain. These certificates, like fingerprints, are unique and can’t be copied or replaced.

So, what can be an NFT? They are anything digital: art, music, videos, even tweets! Owning an NFT means you have the bragging rights and potential future value of that unique digital item. Think of it like owning a rare painting, but instead of hanging it on your wall, you have a unique code proving it’s yours.

The exciting part? NFTs are opening new doors for creators and collectors. Artists can sell their work directly, gamers can own unique in-game items, and anyone can be part of a new digital ownership revolution. It’s still early days, but NFTs are shaking things up in the digital world, and understanding them could put you ahead of the curve!

How Can You Earn From NFTs?

Here are some key ways to turn these digital assets or NFTs into real income:


Remember those cool cat pictures that sold for millions? The artists get a cut every time they’re resold! By setting up a royalty percentage when you create your NFT, you earn a passive income whenever it changes hands. Talk about future-proofing your art career!

Creation And Sales

Unleash your inner artist and turn your digital creations into NFTs! Images, videos, music, even tweets – anything can be minted (like making a digital coin) and sold on marketplaces like OpenSea. The key? Stand out with unique and valuable content. Remember, the NFT market is competitive!


Have you ever heard of buying low and selling high? That’s the essence of NFT flipping. Research upcoming projects, buy promising NFTs early, and then sell them for a profit when their value rises. Think of it like trading Pokemon cards, but digital and (potentially) more lucrative!

Play-To-Earn Games

Enter the blockchain gaming world, where you can earn NFTs by playing! In some games, completing tasks or winning battles rewards you with NFT items you can sell or trade. It’s like getting paid to have fun (but remember, it’s still a game, not a guaranteed moneymaker).


Got a collection of valuable NFTs? Put them to work! Some platforms allow you to “stake” your NFTs, essentially locking them up for a period to earn rewards. Think of it as putting your crypto in a savings account with NFTs instead of coins.

Now, let’s understand how crypto taxes on NFTs function in India. 

How Are NFTs Taxed In India?

Owning and trading NFTs can be exciting, but understanding the tax implications is crucial. Here’s a breakdown of how NFTs taxes works in India:

Purchasing NFTs With Fiat Currencies

If you have purchased an NFT using your fiat currency, i.e., INR, USD, EUR or any other fiat currency, then you are not liable to pay any taxes to the IT department.  

Purchasing NFTs With Cryptocurrencies

Purchasing NFTs using cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum (ETH) or Bitcoin (BTC) will result in a 30% tax plus a 4% cess. This scenario is treated as a disposal of cryptocurrencies and is liable to taxation in India. 

Selling NFTs

If you sell your purchased NFTs for a profit, you’ll face a flat tax rate of 30% on your net gain.  The tax rate doesn’t depend on the holding period of the NFT, whether it is a short-term or long-term capital asset.

Moreover, a 4% cess will also apply to this amount. The buyer will also deduct a 1% TDS from the selling price. Please note that if you do not have any tax liability at the end of the financial year, you can claim back this TDS amount. However, you cannot deduct or set off losses after selling NFTs. 

Applicable Tax Clauses For NFT Taxes in India

The Indian finance department introduced crypto taxes in the 2022 budget. It introduced different sections on which VDAs (Virtual Digital Assets) will be taxed in India. Here’s the list of tax clauses which come into effect when calculating NFT taxes in India. 

Section 115BBH Of The Income Tax Act

In line with Section 115BBH of the Income Tax Act, 1961, Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) are categorised as Virtual Digital Assets (VDAs) and are subject to taxation at a fixed rate of 30%

It’s important to note that no deductions are permitted against this income except for the initial acquisition cost, if applicable. This means that engaging in NFT trading could lead to significant tax obligations, with the only deductible being the original purchase price of the NFT.

Section 115BBH

Section 2(47A) Of The Income Tax Act

Section 2(47A) of the Income Tax Act outlines the definition of a Virtual Digital Asset (VDA). This broad definition includes digital tokens and assets that users can transfer electronically, including Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs). By including NFTs in this definition, the Act subjects them to taxation, treating them similarly to other virtual assets.

Section 194S Of The Income Tax Act

Section 194S of the Income Tax Act outlines the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) rules for NFT transactions. According to this section, 1% of the amount must be deducted as income tax when crediting the sum to the resident’s account or making the payment, whichever comes first. 

According to Section 194S, TDS obligation arises when the amount paid for the transfer of VDA surpasses Rs 50,000 within the fiscal year for the Specified Person and Rs 10,000 for others.

A “Specified Person” in this context refers to:

  • An individual or Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) without income from business or profession.
  • An individual or HUF with a business income below Rs 1 crore.
  • An individual or HUF with professional receipts below Rs 50 lakh.

How To Calculate NFT Taxes in India?

Here’s how you can calculate NFT taxes in India using the said steps: 

Step 1: Understand The Tax Rate

As per the Union Budget 2022, the tax on profits from selling NFTs (and other crypto assets) stands at a flat rate of 30%. You pay a 30% tax on the profit, not the total sale price.

Step 2: Calculate Your Profit

To find your profit, subtract the cost of acquisition (what you paid for the NFT) from the sale price. Let’s say you bought an NFT for INR 10,000 and sold it for INR 20,000. Your profit would be INR 20,000 – INR 10,000 = INR 10,000.

Step 3: Apply The Tax Rate

Multiply your profit (INR 10,000) by the tax rate (30%). This gives you the tax amount you owe: INR 10,000 * 30% = INR 3,000.

Step 4: Additional Considerations

TDS: Since July 2022, a 1% Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) applies to NFT purchases. In this case, the TDS will be 1% of INR 20,000, INR 200. If TDS was already deducted, subtract it from your final tax liability. Hence, the final tax liability will be INR 2800. 

Are you willing to calculate your taxes in just one go? Use our Free Crypto Tax Calculator to solve all your worries!

Real-Life Scenarios

Let’s now understand how the taxation on NFTs works using two different real-life scenarios: 

Case 1: Aditya An NFT Creator

Aditya is an NFT creator, and he created two digital arts, which he sold as NFTs for 0.5 ETH each. He received a total of 1 ETH for both NFTs. The value of ETH at the time of receipt was INR 50,000. 

Now that the NFT was freshly created, his cost basis is zero, and he has to pay a flat tax of 30% on INR 50,000 plus a cess of 4%.

Case 2: Aman An NFT Collector

Aman buys an NFT for INR 30,000, for which he does not have to pay any taxes, as he used his fiat currency to purchase the NFT. Later, he sold the same NFT for INR 90,000, thereby gaining INR 60,000 (INR 90,000 – INR 60,000.) 

He needs to pay a CGT of 30% on INR 60,000, which turns out to be INR 18,000. In addition, he is liable to a 4% cess. Also, a 1% TDS will be deducted by the buyer from the selling price.

KoinX In Action

KoinX is a crypto tax calculator and portfolio tracker that helps individual investors, traders, and tax professionals easily calculate their crypto taxes and track their crypto portfolios. It offers a variety of features, including:

  • Accurate transaction previews: KoinX uses advanced algorithms to provide accurate previews of your crypto taxes before you file. This can help you avoid surprises and pay the correct taxes.
  • Auto-classified transactions: The platform automatically classifies your crypto transactions, so you don’t have to do it manually. This can save you a lot of time and effort.
  • Detailed tax reports: It generates detailed tax reports that you can use to file your taxes with the ITD. These reports include all the necessary information, such as capital gains, losses, and income.

Overall, KoinX is a valuable tool for anyone who invests in cryptocurrencies. It can help you save time, money, and stress by making it easy to calculate your crypto taxes and track your crypto portfolio.


So, you’ve dipped your toes in the dazzling world of NFTs, but the tax implications got you scratching your head? Remember, NFTs fall under the “Virtual Digital Assets” umbrella, meaning any profits you make from selling them are taxed at a flat 30% in India. There are no fancy deductions here, just straightforward math. Plus, a 1% TDS will be deducted at the source when you sell. 

This may seem overwhelming for you if you are not that foot deep into the taxes, and this is where you can use KoinX. It is an automated crypto tax report-generating platform. You need to integrate your account into KoinX, which will do your calculations. So why wait? Try KoinX today and create and sell your NFTs without worrying about taxes.